Since its discovery, stem cell therapy has gained much awareness due to its incredible regenerative and auto-repair properties. Patients who have chronic, incurable conditions such as multiple sclerosis (MS) may be closely following any news about this cutting-edge technology.
A stem cell is a special biological entity that has unlimited differentiation potentials and can become any type of cell, hence being also called undifferentiated cells. The body keeps a large number of these cells in different sites (e.g. bone marrow, umbilical cord, adipose tissue) in case it endures lesions that need regenerative capacities. The fascinating feature about stem cells is their ability to differentiate into different cell types, including hematoctyes, nerve fibers, osteocytes, chondrocytes, and keratinocytes.
Stem Cell Therapy for MS
Multiple sclerosis is a chronic condition that’s caused by a type IV hypersensitivity reaction, which occurs when the immune system releases antibodies and specific cells to target a certain tissue. In the case of MS, the immune system attacks the myelin sheaths on nerve fibers that allow for fast bioelectrical transmissions of signals.
Stem cell therapy is a regenerative medicine option designed to repair and replace damaged and diseased tissues in the body. Research and studies have shown that stem cells not only have the potential to regenerate lost or damaged myelin sheath tissues, but also have the ability to modulate the immune system, temporarily disabling the abnormal attack. Patients have reported improvements in body and cognitive function.
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are one of the most promising stem cell types for regenerative medicine. They can be sourced from adipose (fat), bone marrow, or umbilical cord derived tissue (Wharton’s Jelly). Mesenchymal stem cells exert a number of beneficial effects on the cells of the immune system. They also exert tiny vesicles, called exosomes, that carry sophisticated RNA and enhance the therapeutic effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs).
Mesenchymal stem cells can suppress T-cells, B-cells, dendritic cells, and natural killer cells (cells that participate in autoimmune diseases). MSCs induce and affect the action of regulatory T-cells which can help fine-tune the immune system, potentially shifting the balance from harmful to helpful immune system function.
Stem cell therapy is still in a research phase but does show great promise for those with Multiple Sclerosis. Studies have shown its positive potential and safety which creates an alternative option within the regenerative medicince industry for many. Each person is unique, so when seeking information, one must keep realistic expectations as there is no cure or guarantee for traditional or alternative options.
This post was written by Becky Palmer, a medical professional at Stemedix Inc. At Stemedix we provide access to Regenerative Medicine. Regenerative medicine has the natural potential to help improve symptoms sometimes lost from the progression of many conditions. Click here to learn more.